Conclusion in conclusion, it is necessary to say that transformational leadership theory is one of the most effective theories of leadership it contains such important elements of preceding leadership types, as trait theory, behavior theory, charismatic leadership, situational and transactional leadership. Transformational leaders inspire, energize, and intellectually stimulate their employees the author argues that through training, managers can learn. The bass transformational leadership theory, bass in other words, was interested in the extent to which a leader influences followers followers go after a leader because of trust, honesty, and other qualities and the stronger these are, the greater loyalty they have for the leader. Bass dealt challenges in transactional & transformational leadership in organizations in very detailed manner in his book (transformational leadership: industrial, military, and educational impact by bernard m bass.
Burns transformational leadership theory, in other words, burns focuses upon motivations and values in assessing how a leader approaches power this aspect of having that basic ethical system sets leaders apart from those merely aspiring to power. Transformational leadership theory is all about leadership that creates positive change in the followers whereby they take care of each other's interests and act in the interests of the group as a whole (warrilow, 2012. Transformational leadership inspires people to achieve unexpected or remarkable results it gives workers autonomy over specific jobs, as well as the authority to make decisions once they have been trained. Transformational leaders have been characterized by four sepa- rate components or characteristics denoted as the 4 is of transforma- tional leadership (avolio, waldman, and yammarino (1991.
The implications of transactional and transformational leadership for individual, team, and organizational development bm bass, bj avolio research in organizational change and development 4 (1), 231-272 , 1990. Bernard m bass is distinguished profes-sor of management and director of the center for leadership studies at the state university of new york at binghamton. Transformational leaders influence their followers to do more for themselves and their community bass & steidlmeier suggest, (1999) authentic transformational leadership provides a more reasonable and realistic concept of self—a self that is connected to friends, family, and community whose. Transformational leadership, a popular leadership theory, has research roots as early as 1978 when james mcgregor burns, considered the founder of modern leadership theory, defined a transformational leader as one who looks for potential motives in followers, seeks to satisfy higher needs, and engages the full person of the follower. What is transformational leadership theory transformational leadership is a relatively new approach to leadership that focuses on how leaders can create valuable and positive change in their followers.
The modern framework of transformational leadership is based on the research and writings of bernard m bass bass extended burns' ideas in 1985 in leadership and performance his focus was on highlighting the psychological mechanisms influencing transformational leadership and to provide a test for measuring a leader's transformational. Transformational leadership seeks to create a positive change in those who follow the leader enhances the morale, performance, and motivation of employees, inspires change driven by a strong purpose, and is able to create a culture of trust and innovation within the organization the following are. Bass defined transformational leadership in terms of how the leader affects followers, who are intended to trust, admire and respect the transformational leader he identified three ways in which leaders transform followers. Bernard m bass later developed the concept of transformational leadership further according his 1985 book, leadership and performance beyond expectations , this kind of leader: is a model of integrity and fairness.
Transformational leadership 2 1 individualized consideration - the degree to which the leader attends to each follower's needs, acts as a mentor or coach to the follower and listens to the follower's concerns and needs. Criticisms of transformational leadership theory transformational leadership makes use of impression management and therefore lends itself to amoral self promotion by leaders the theory is very difficult to e trained or taught because it is a combination of many leadership theories. Transformational leadership, second edition is intended for both the scholars and serious students of leadership it is a comprehensive review of theorizing and empirical research that can serve as a reference and starting point for additional research on the theory. Bernard bass, a disciple of burns, defined transformational leadership in terms of how the leader affects followers, who are intended to trust, admire and respect the transformational leader.
Transformational leadership as it evolved through the work of james macgregor burns, bernard m bass, bruce j avolio, and kenneth leithwood moreover, the paper will discuss some of the. Transformational leadership theory conceptualized in the late 1970's, proposed that leaders could motivate followers through shared vision and mutual interest to uplift the entire organization to a higher morality (burns, 1978. Bass accused burns of three atrocities: (1) burns did not pay attention to the portfolio of followers' needs and wants, (2) burns restricted transformational leadership to moral ends, and worst of all, (3) burns set up a single continuum running from transactional to transformational leaderly types (bass, 1985: 20-22.
Transformational leadership is different from other types of leadership because it extends beyond traits, behaviors, and characteristics transformational leadership is about inspiration, intellect, charisma, and. Transformational leadership on these outcomes, transformational leaders can influence employee behavior so that the behavior has a positive impact on the organization t ransformational leadership theory has captured the interest of many researchers in the field of. Transformational leadership examples when a company needs to make a strategic change, such as making new products, selling to different types of customers or providing new services, a successful transformational leader clearly communicates the new direction.